Today our student blogger Jinal Shah speaks about India’s Republic day, which is celebrated every year in India on January 26th.
What is Republic day?
Republic Day has been celebrated every year in India on January 26th, since 1950 to honour the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect and this year will mark the 72nd Republic Day of India. India was a colony of the British for over 200 years and became independent from the rule of the British Raj following the Indian independence movement.
What happens on Republic day?
On Republic Day, flag raising ceremonies and parades by armed forces are held. The grandest and most important of these parades is held at Rajpath in New Delhi, which showcases an image of the country's rich cultural heritage and military.
This parade is led by the President of India. One of the main functions of the Republic Day Parade is to pay tribute to the people who have sacrificed their lives for the country and to discuss bravery awards to military, people and children for showing courage in the face of difficulty.
The Prime Minister of India first lays a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, in memory of all members of the armed forces who gave up their life for the country.
After that there is the 21 gun salute, unfurling of the National Flag and singing of the National Anthem. Next, awards such as the Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra and Vir Chakra are presented to gallantry award winners.
Republic day parade
The parade begins with winners of gallantry awards saluting the President in open military jeeps, followed by the display of various tanks, missiles and other equipment added to the arsenal of the military.
After this, is the march-past of different teams of the armed forces, police, Home Guards and National Cadet Corps. The President of India, being the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. This is followed by a vibrant parade comprising tableaux from different States and cultural dances by patriotic school children.
Children who have won Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar ride past the spectators on colourfully decorated elephants. These children are honoured and awarded by the Indian Council for Child Welfare for performing outstanding deeds of bravery and selfless sacrifice.
The Republic Day Parade is concluded by dare devil motor cycle riding and a flypast by Indian Air Force fighter jets over Rajpath, as spectators look on with their hearts filled with pride.
This year is also marked as the biggest protest in India by Farmers for their democratic rights, on 26th January 2021, Indian farmers will do tractor rally alongside with Indian National Republic Day Parade.